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Left ventricle geometry, atrial strain, ventricle strain and hemodynamics across aortic valve before and after transcatheter aortic valve replacements
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  • Aslannif Roslan,
  • YEE SIN TEY,
  • Faten Aris A,
  • Afif Ashari,
  • Abdul Shaparudin A,
  • Wan Faizal Rahimi Shah W,
  • Koh Hui Beng,
  • Lee Tjen Jhung,
  • Ahmad Tantawi Jauhari Aktifanus,
  • Jayakhanthan Kolanthaivelu,
  • Kumara Gurupparan Ganesan,
  • Shaiful Azmi Yahaya
Aslannif Roslan
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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YEE SIN TEY
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Faten Aris A
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Afif Ashari
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Abdul Shaparudin A
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Wan Faizal Rahimi Shah W
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Koh Hui Beng
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Lee Tjen Jhung
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Ahmad Tantawi Jauhari Aktifanus
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Jayakhanthan Kolanthaivelu
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Kumara Gurupparan Ganesan
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Shaiful Azmi Yahaya
Institute Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
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Abstract

Background: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacements (TAVR) has become widespread throughout the world. To date there are no echocardiographic study of TAVR patients from Southeast Asia (SEA). We sought to evaluate 1) changes in echocardiographic and strain values pre and post TAVR 2) relationship between aortic stenosis (AS) severity and strain values, 3) left ventricle geometry in severe AS 4) relationship of flow rate to dimensionless index (DVI) and acceleration time (AT) and 5) effect of strains on outcome. Methods: Retrospective study of 112 TAVR patients in our center from 2009 to 2020. The echocardiographic and strain images pre (within 1 months), post (day after) and 6 months post TAVR were analyzed by expert echocardiographer. Results: The ejection fraction (EF) increased at 6 months (53.02 ± 12.12% to 56.35 ± 9.00%) (p=0.044). Interventricular septal thickness in diastole (IVSd) decreased (1.27 ± 0.21cm to 1.21 ± 0.23cm) (p=0.038) and left ventricle internal dimension in diastole (LVIDd) decreased from 4.77 ± 0.64cm to 4.49 ± 0.65cm (p = 0.001). No changes in stroke volume index (SVI pre vs 6 months p =0.187), but the flow rate increases (217.80 ± 57.61mls/s to 251.94 ± 69.59mls/s, p<0.001). Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) improved from -11.44 ± 4.23% to -13.94 ± 3.72% (p <0.001), Left Atrial Reservoir strain (Lar-S) increased from 17.44 ± 9.16% to 19.60 ± 8.77% (p=0.033). 8 patients (7.5%) had IVSd < 1.0cm, and 4 patients (3.7%) had normal left ventricle (LV) geometry. There was linear relationship between IVSd and mean PG (r=0.208, p=0.031), between GLS to aortic valve area (AVA) and aortic valve area index (AVAi) (r = – 0.305, p=0.001 and r= – 0.316, p = 0.001). There was also relationship between AT (r=-0.20, p=0.04) and DVI (r=0.35, p< 0.001) with flow rate. Patients who died late (after 6 months) had lower GLS at 6 months. (Alive; -13.94 ± 3.72% vs Died; -12.43 ± 4.19%, p= 0.001) Conclusion: At 6 months TAVR cause reverse remodeling of the LV with reduction in IVSd, LVIDd and improvement in GLS and LAr-S. There is linear relationship between GLS and AVA and between IVSd and AVA.